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Volume 54, Supplement 1

  • French astronomy during the Belle Époque. The professionalization of a scientific activity - A. Saint-Martin

    Arnaud Saint-Martin
    Laboratoire Printemps, CNRS-Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, 47, boulevard Vauban, 78047 Guyancourt, France
    Available online 29 August 2012 on ScienceDirect
    doi : 10.1016/j.soctra.2012.07.002
    Abstract
    The article describes the way French astronomy developed during the Belle Époque (ca. 1880–1914). It identifies and accounts for the particulars of a scientific occupation, which until today has been misrepresented in the history of science. We show how the practice of astronomy was rigidly rationalized and integrated into a (...)

  • The pornographer’s trade : A discredited professional group’s rhetoric, control and know-how - M. Trachman

    Mathieu Trachman
    IRIS, EHESS, 190-198, avenue de France, 75013 Paris, France
    Available online 28 August 2012 on ScienceDirect
    doi:10.1016/j.soctra.2012.07.003
    Abstract
    This article deals with the professionalization since 1975 of heterosexual pornography in France. Although pornography is discredited by the public authorities and lacks for any sort of formal training, pornographers have developed an occupational rhetoric whereby they present themselves as fantasy entrepreneurs, claim sexual expertise and control a male heterosexual business. The limits of sexual and gender (...)

  • Debate : New public management and professionals in the public sector. What new patterns beyond opposition ? - P. Bezes et al.

    Philippe Bezes, CNRS-CERSA, 10, rue Thénard, 75005 Paris, France
    Didier Demazière, CNRS-Sciences Po, UMR 7116, centre de sociologie des organisations, 19, rue Amélie, 75007 Paris, France
    Thomas Le Bianic, IRISSO, UMR CNRS 7170, université Paris Dauphine, place du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 75775 Paris cedex 16, France
    Catherine Paradeise, LATTS-IFRIS, université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, bâtiment Bois-de-l’Étang C215, cité Descartes, 77420 Champs-sur-Marne, France
    Romuald Normand, EHESS-UMR CNRS 8178, groupe de sociologie politique et morale, institut Marcel-Mauss, 10, rue (...)