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Volume 49, Supplement 1

  • A critical examination of the work intensification question : Ethnography and history on the Peugeot–Sochaux assembly line - N. Hatzfeld

    Nicolas Hatzfeld
    Laboratoire d’Histoire Économique, Sociale et des Techniques, Université d’Evry, 2, rue du Facteur Cheval, 91000 Evry, France
    Available online 1 March 2007 on ScienceDirect
    doi:10.1016/j.soctra.2007.01.001
    Abstract
    Using a historical and ethnographic approach to study work at the Peugeot–Sochaux factory during the late 20th century leads to taking a less unifying, generalized view of work intensification. First, variations in labor rules and the diversity of related problems bring to light the tensions underlying the ongoing issue of workloads. Second, identifying (...)

  • “Machinisme”1, Marxism, humanism : Georges Friedmann before and after WW II - F. Vatin

    François Vatin
    Institutions et dynamiques historiques de l’économie (IDHE), CNRS–université Paris-X, maison Max-Weber, 200, avenue de la République, 92000 Nanterre, France
    Available online 28 February 2007 on ScienceDirect
    doi:10.1016/j.soctra.2007.01.002
    Abstract
    Georges Friedmann (1902–1977) is known for the humanist sociology of work he founded after World War II. Before the war he was a Marxist intellectual, close to the French Communist Party and an admirer of the young Soviet Union. The effect of this political and ideological itinerary on his sociology of work has never been (...)

  • Is “cost disease” contagious ? The case of early music ensembles - P. François

    Pierre François
    Centre de sociologie des organisations (CSO–FNSP/CNRS), 19, rue Amélie, 75007 Paris, France
    Available online 7 March 2007 on ScienceDirect
    doi:10.1016/j.soctra.2007.01.003
    Abstract
    The article aims to supplement traditional explanations of why performing arts institutions tend to run a deficit. The case of early music ensembles shows that the traditionally cited mechanisms do not suffice to explain why these institutions catch Baumol’s “cost disease.” Baumol’s model may be supplemented by another, based on two related hypotheses : the deepening deficit of early music (...)

  • Cleaning time, protest time : employment and working conditions for hotel maids - I. Puech

    Isabelle Puech
    Cultures et sociétés urbaines (CSU), IRESCO, CNRS, 59–61, rue Pouchet, 75849 Paris cedex, France
    Available online 28 February 2007 on ScienceDirect
    doi:10.1016/j.soctra.2007.01.004
    Abstract
    It is now admitted that part-time work emphasizes the inequalities between the sexes in both spheres of work and family, but this article rather focuses on the cleavages among women themselves. An analysis is provided of how working time and the company’s position combine so as to produce inequalities among female wage-earners, assigning them heterogeneous statuses, thus exposing (...)